“I always have a jar of ras-el-hanout in the kitchen – it’s a really useful seasoning.”

-James Whetlor, Goat: Cooking and Eating



What is Ras el Hanout, or rather, where is Ras el Hanout (or Ras al-hanut, or Raz al-hanout) when it’s at home?

Answer: quite likely Morocco… or another Mediterranean-facing, Arabic country in north Africa. Or rather, less frequently now in Morocco, as it was banned there in 1990. Why? Because it was said to include Spanish fly – a startlingly green beetle containing cantharides, a drug which is said to be both an aphrodisiac and to cause miscarriage and abortions.


ras el hanout

The luminously green Spanish fly. Image courtesy Franco Christophe from Wikimedia Commons .


What really are the ingredients of Ras el hanout?

Ras el hanout is a complex blend of spices – Steenbergs’ version, in the featured image at the top of this page, includes twenty two but every version is a little different – some may contain more, and some simple versions contain just four. Steenbergs’ version doesn’t contain cinnamon or mustard seeds, others do.

Ras el Hanout means ‘top of the shop’, it was the spice blend kept in a safe and special place, one of the most precious things the merchant had to sell. It’s an elegant and subtle mix, not shouty with chilli. It’s the balance of the blend that’s important.

The Steenbergs’ Ras el hanout contains the following (mostly in ground powder form):

  • paprika
  • cumin
  • ginger
  • coriander seed
  • cassia
  • turmeric
  • nutmeg
  • orris root
  • fennel
  • allspice
  • green cardamom seeds
  • dill seeds
  • galangal (follow this link for more about galangal)
  • caraway seed
  • black cardamom seeds
  • chilli powder
  • cloves
  • mace
  • cubeb pepper
  • rose petals
  • bay leaf
  • saffron


What can you substitute for Ras el hanout?

Of course, nothing is quite the same but sometimes you’ll have all the ingredients for a recipe you want to try except the Ras el hanout specified. What then?

You can use Garam Masala (another coriander-based spice mix).

Or you can make your own.


How to make your own Ras el Hanout

You can either make a mix of equal parts ground coriander and ginger and paprika, or if you want it a little hotter you can substitute the paprika for cayenne. You can also add dry-fried and crushed cumin seeds, a few grinds of nutmeg, and/or a pinch of saffron.


What is the best way to use Ras el Hanout?


Which is the best Ras el Hanout to buy?


  • In my view the best available is from Steenbergs’.


  • However, Seasoned Pioneers also produces a very good one with well over 20 ingredients, and you can clearly see the rose petals


  • Bart blends has fewer ingredients and no cinnamon or cassia – it’s a bit too peppery


  • Waitrose has a strong flavour of cassia and ginger



For more about Steenbergs’ extensive and exceptional spices and herbs, go to this interview with founder, Axel Steenberg.


Raz el-hanout

Steenbergs’ version is a mix of 22 different spices.